Kolkata, also known as Calcutta, is the capital city of the Indian state of West Bengal. Located on the east bank of the Hooghly River, it is one of the most important cultural, commercial, and educational centers in India. Kolkata was once the capital of British India until it was moved to Delhi in 1911.

Kolkata has a rich and diverse history, and it's often called the cultural capital of India. It is known for its colonial-era architecture, art galleries, museums, and literature. The city has produced many famous artists, poets, and writers, including Rabindranath Tagore, the first non-European to win the Nobel Prize in Literature.

The city is also famous for its food, particularly its street food. Kolkata's culinary scene is a melting pot of different cultures and cuisines, with influences from Bengali, Chinese, and Mughlai cuisine. Some of the must-try dishes in Kolkata include the famous Bengali sweet rasgulla, kathi rolls, and the spicy puchkas.

Kolkata is home to many iconic landmarks, including the Victoria Memorial, a grand marble building built in memory of Queen Victoria, and the Howrah Bridge, a steel cantilever bridge that spans the Hooghly River. Other popular attractions include the Dakshineswar Kali Temple, the Indian Museum, and the Eden Gardens cricket stadium.

Kolkata is also known for its vibrant festivals and celebrations. The Durga Puja festival is the most important festival in Kolkata and attracts millions of people every year. The festival celebrates the victory of the Hindu goddess Durga over the demon Mahishasura, and the entire city is adorned with colorful lights and decorations.

In terms of transportation, Kolkata has an extensive public transport system that includes buses, trams, and metro trains. The city also has an international airport, the Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose International Airport, which connects Kolkata to other major cities in India and around the world.

Kolkata is a city that has something to offer for everyone. Its rich history, vibrant culture, delicious food, and iconic landmarks make it a must-visit destination in India.

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